The Basics: A beginners guide to acronyms and jargon

It’s been a while since I have published a “Basics” series article.

I am grateful for the interest I have received on this humble blog of my musings in areas from economic development to novel treatment modes and health policy. Some of the feedback I have received has been concerning my occasionally excessive use of jargon and acronyms. My intention with this blog was to provide accessible insights that are both relevant and beneficial to peers within this interest and subject area as well as others who are simply interested in discussion about statistical trends in healthcare or the role of pharma in public health. Some of these terms are explained further in other articles within “the basics” section of this blog – I have linked those articles where relevant. 🙂


So here’s my growing list of acronyms and jargon for clarification:

AIDS: Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome

ARVs: Antiretrovial drugs for the treatment of HIV

BMI: Body mass index – (Healthy BMI is generally accepted to be 18.5 – 24.9)

BRICS: Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa – large, growing middle-income nations

CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDs: Communicable Diseases

COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

DALY: Disability Adjusted Life Year

FDA: United States Food and Drug Administration

GWAS: Genome Wide Association Study

HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus

MAb: Monoclonal Antibody

MDG: Millennium Development Goals

NCDs: Non-communicable Diseases

NGO: Non-governmental Organization

NTDs: Neglected Tropical Diseases

OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

PEP: Post-exposure Prophylaxis

SDG: Sustainable Development Goal (based on the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development)

T2DM: Type II Diabetes Mellitus

TB: Tuberculosis

WHO: World Health Organization



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